agni mukham ( agnikArya ) is one of primary fire ritual among vedic tradition. Each shAkhA and sutra have it’s own procedure of agni mukham . The agni mukham procedure of apastamba , baudhAyan , hiranyakeshI, ashwAlayan , agniveshya, vAdhUla , gobhila are quite famous in southern india and procedure of pAraskar ( most famous ) and mAnav, vArah ,( only among mOdhA bramhins of gujrAt) are well famed in northern india.
paippalAda and shaunak shAkhA of atharva veda have there independent procedure of agni mukham. paippalAda shAkhAdhyayIs performs agni mukham on the outline described by “angirasa kalp”
( one among five kalpAs of atharvan veda ).
atharvan agnimukham ( paippalAda shAkhA )have following steps :-
( paddhati with mantras is given in final section.
Mantras are from paippalAda samhita ( Orissan version / utkala pAtha ) , some of them are kalpajA mantras. Few mantras are not found in kashmir pAtha of paippalAda samhita )
1) purUsha samskara
This portion is performed by kartA ( yajmAna ) himself. It includes shuddhi panchaka i.e. mantra snAna , AchmanaM, wearing vastrA , applying gandha ( bhasma ),dhupa dAna .
Then kartA performs samkalpam, ritvika varan , punyAhvAchan ( shuddhi punyAham ).
3) vedI / shtandila nirmAna ( marking of lines also included )
5) samidhA- adhanaM
A bundle of five samidhA is used.
6) bramhA sthapan
Person or symbolic bramhA ( made of kusha grass , kamandala full of water ) is given seat near the southern part .
7) shurva grahana and shurva tApan
Taking of sacrificial spoon and heating it.
8) Ajya bhAga
In Ajya bhAga 4 AhutIs are offered in southern part, 2 AhutIs are offered in eastern part , 2 AhutIs are offered in middle part.Again 4 AhutIs are offered in middle part.Then again ( touching yajmAna ) samidhAs are offered by using 2 mantra .
9) pradhAn homam
Now the main oblations are offered.
1) svishtakrita homa
2) shAnti vAchanam
shAnti mantras from paippalAda samhita are recited.
3) dakshinA dAna
Partial sacrificial fees is given to Acharya and bramhA .
Now the following Ahutis are given by kArta and Acharya .
Actually kartA offers Ahutis and only Acharya recites mantra , other priests keeps silence ( tushnIm ). In case of minimum number of priests they are bramhA ( known as khAtAcharya/ pustakAchArya in orissan paippalAda tradition) and Acharya ( actual reciter of mantrA ) and maximum 5 ( four ritiviks and one sadasya ) in case of grihya karma.
4) shesha homa
4 Ahutis are offered in eastern part ,9 Ahutis in southern part and 13 Ahutis are offered in middle part .
5) samichhesha homa
Remaining samidhAs ( sacrificial wood sticks )are offered .
6) Ajyashesha homa
Remaining ghee / butter / oil / milk ( sacrificial fluids )are offered .
7) vasodhAra homa
A unbroken stream of sacrificial fluid is offered to agni , either by sruka or or by vasodhAra havnI filled with sacrificial fluid stored before of Ajyashesha homa .
8) dhuma grahan
9) gAtra- sparsha
10) bhasma dhAran ( rakshA dhAran )
11) anga- sparsha
12) shruva sthApan
15 ) samarpanam
Now officiating priests performs abhisheka of yajmAna and his wife. Then words of blessing are offered to yajmAna .( AshirvAdaM ).Then priests ( ritviks ) are offered dakshinA ( sacrificial fees ) and ( brAmhan bhojan ) food is offered to them .This completes agnimukham vidhi of paippalAda shAkhA.