rudrAshtadhyAyI

In contrast with rUdraM of krishna yajurveda , shukla yajurveda have rudrAshtadhyAyI .Literally rudrAshtadhyAyI means eight chapters dedicated to rUdra but  actually having mantras dedicated to ganpatI ,heart ( shivasamkalpa suktaM ) ,purUsha , shrI ,surya (mitra ) ,Indra , bruhaspatI, rUdra,rUdra svasA, ambikA, shAntI devtAs consisting of 10 chapters ( 2 additional chapters ) . There are 6 different versions of rudrAshtadhyAyI prevalent in north India.

1) agnipurAnokta version

2) rUdropAsanakalpadrUM version

3) devyAgnika paddhatI version

4) parashUrAma paddhatI version

5) shatrUdriya version ( rUdraM )

6) bruhad rudrAshtadhyAyI version

Following is an overview of common and largest version ( bruhad rudrAshtadhyAyI version ) .

* prathamOdhyAya (1st chapter )

Starts with very famous mantra ‘ganANAntvA o ‘ in it’s shukla yajurveda version. This chapter also consists of shiva samkalpaM .It is dedicated to mahAganpatI and mana ( heart ).It consists of total 10 mantras.

* dvitIyodhyAya ( 2nd chapter)

It houses purUsh suktaM, UttarnArAyana suktaM and very famous ‘shrishha te ‘ mantra ( dedicated to srI devI and bhu devI ).Dedicated to purUsha nArAyana with srI devI and bhu devI .It consists of 22 mantras.

* trutIyodhyAya ( 3rd chapter )

It houses apratiraThaM ( apratiratha suktaM ) and UttarapratiraThaM dedicated to war god Indra and his purOhita ( priest ) bruhaspatI.
In old paddhatI granThas UttarapratiraThaM is not included. ( 3 versions don’t have this UttarapratiraThaM mantras ) This have 17 mantras according to bruhad version  and 12 mantras ( excluding 5 mantras of  UttarapratiraThaM  ) according to old paddhatI granThas.

* chaturthodhyAya ( 4th chapter )

It is dedicated to sun god in mitra form. It consists of 17 mantras.

* panchamodhyAya ( 5th chapter )

This is dedicated to rUdra .It is also known as namakAdhyAya ( namakaM ) due to denser use of phrases ‘namaste’ and ‘namo’ ( apparently denser use of na sound ).It have 66 mantras
, kanva shAkhA have 64 mantras instead of 66 mantras.

* shashtodhyAya ( 6 th chapter )

It is dedicated to rUdra and his parivAra devtAs ( family deities ) .It consists of 8 mantras .Old paddhatIkAras don’t include it in rudrAshtadhyAyI. It is also known as ‘mahicchara adhyAya’ .

* saptamoadhyAya ( 7th chapter )

This is most controversial chapter of rudrAshtadhyAyI .Only bruhad version includes this mantras. Some of old paddhatIkAras don’t include it in rudrAshtadhyAyI .Some paddhatIkAras include only 3 mantras out of 7 , as rest of the mantras are employed in chitA homa .It consist of total 7 mantras .It is dedicated to  offsprings of rUdra i.e. marUta ganas and sharira devtAs .It is also known as jatAdhyAya.

* ashtamodhyAya ( 8th chapter )

It houses chamakaM .It is also known as chamakAdhyAya due to denser use of phrase ‘cha me ‘. It is dedicated directly to agni and apparently to vishvedevAs. It consist of total 29 mantras.

*shantyAdhyAya ( chapter of pacifying )

This portion is additionally and  integrally recited as part of rudrAshtadhyAyI from ancient time .It consists of 24 mantras dedicated to pacifying deities of pravargya rite. It falls under the shukriya section of shukla yajurveda and generally not recited in night.

* svastI prArThana mantradhyAya ( chapter of blessings )

It is additionally and  integrally recited as part of rudrAshtadhyAyI from ancient time .It consists of 13 mantras (one from shatpatha brAhmanaM )  dedicated to Ashi devtAs.

Pdf of rudrAshtadhyAyI

1) rudrAshtadhyAyI text

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nepAlI version of siddhakunjikA stotra

While studying a nepAlI stotra collection book I came to know of following version of siddhakunjikA stotra .May be this version is prevalent among sAdhaks of nepAla , in end of text no source is mentioned but my guess is it belongs to some dAmara text .

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Animesh’s Blog

UpAsanAmurtIs of goddesses dhUmAvatI

Following is a comprehensive list of several UpAsanAmurtIs  of  dhUmA-bhagvaty based on kAlamrityu tantra , dhUmravArAhI kalpa , saubhAgya dhUmAvatI kalp, Ugra dhUmAvatI kalp, kubjikopnishada , saubhAgya kAnda of atharvan veda ( also known as mahAtharvan samhitA )  and personal conversation with sAdhakas of kAkadhwajI.

1) kAka-dhUmAvatI
2) mohinI dhUmikA
3) UchchAtana dhUmikA
4) trailokya mohinI dhUmAvatI
5) Ugra dhUmAvatI
6) saubhAgya dhUmAvatI
7) dhUmravArAhI
8) dhUmrAstra rupiNI
9) rAvanopAsitA murtI
10) meghanAdopAsita murtI
11) AdInAthopAsita murtI
12) charpatbhanjana nAtha        Upasita murtI
13) dattAtreyopAsita murtI
     ( avdhUtopAsita murtI )
14) kAkachandesheshwarI
15) vidvaishana dhUmAvatI
16) jyeshThA dhUmikA
17) kAkarUdha dhUmAvatI
18) raTharUdha dhUmAvatI
19) dhUmrAkshI murtI
20) vAtsalya dhUmAvatI
21) dandahastA dhUmAvatI
22) shurpahastA dhUmAvatI
23) shivabhakshiNI mahAUgra dhUmAvatI
24) shAbar dhUmAvatI
25) vairAgya dhUmAvatI
26) Atharvan dhUmAvatI
27) pashchimAmnAya     kubjikAangabhuta dhUmAvatI
28) UrdhvAmanAya dhUmAvatI

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kAlamrityu tantra  in conversation between shiva and skanda kumAra  describes  UpAsana of  kAka-dhUmAvatI, mohinI dhUmikA ,UchchAtana dhUmikA, trailokya mohinI dhUmAvatI and vidvaishana dhUmAvatI .

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saubhAgya dhUmAvatI kalp and Ugra dhUmAvatI kalp describes UpAsana of Ugra dhUmAvatI and saubhAgya dhUmAvatI. dhUmravArAhI
and dhUmrAstra rupiNI are described in dhumravArAhi kalpa and partially in kAlamrityu tantra .A combination of vArAhi and dhUmAvatI is described.

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Yantras , gurUkrama , mantras, and several prayogas  of  Atharvan dhUmAvatI are described in mahAtharvan samhitA but unfortunately text is lost only mantroddhAra  and yantroddhAra of atharvan dhUmAvatI are preserved in my tradition. kAkarUdha dhUmAvatI is described as sitting on crow and raTharUdha dhUmAvatI is described as sitting on old and damaged chariot  mulamantra is same in both cases but dhyAnas differ.

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dandahastA dhUmAvatI is employed in case of deha kilana ,shatrU tAdana and shurpahastA dhumAvatI is employed in dhananAsha  and dAridryakarna prayogas.
shivabhakshiNI mahAUgra dhUmAvatI is employed in pretabAdha , bhutabAdha , pishAchabAdha , dakinI dosha , sarpa dosha , shAkinI dosha , graha kilan , shatrU nAsha , shatrU mArana , para krita praypga nAsha and tantra bhakshana.

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dhUmrAkshI murtI is described in  devImahtmya , she is adhyAyadevatA of durgAsaptashatI. rAvanopAsitA murtI
,meghanAdopAsita murtI , AdInAthopAsita murtI , charpatbhanjana nAtha        Upasita murtI and  avdhUtopAsita murtI are due to mantrabheda and UpAsaka bheda .

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सुर्पहस्ता विजयते

In vAtsalya dhUmAvatI rupA she is to be worship by pautrabhAva ( as a grandson of devI ) , this most saumya murtI of ambA. shAbar dhUmAvatI is worshipped by siddhAs and siddhamArgis ( nAtha yogis ) , generally in their dhunI  in form of smoke . jyeshThA dhUmikA and kAkachandesheshwarI forms are generally worshipped by kApalikas, aghoris and kaulas. image

pashchimAmnAya    kubjikAangabhuta dhUmAvatI
and UrdhvAmanAya dhUmAvatI are UpAsanamutIs due to AmnAya bheda , in pashchimAnAya she is employed for shatrU samhAra and svarakshA but in contrast UrdhvAmanya  employs her in kundalinI jAgrana , karmabhakshana and tivravairAgya. image

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जयतु धूमाभगवती

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kAThaka purUsha suktaM

purUsha suktaM is one of most celebrated vedic hymn employed densely in any vedic ritual . It is recited in almost all Vedic rituals and ceremonies. The purUsha suktaM is an important part of the rig-veda (10.7.90.1-16). It also appears in the taittirIya Aranyaka (3.12,13), the vAjasaneyI samhitA (31.1-6), the sAmaveda samhitA (6.4), and the aTharvaveda samhitA (19.6). An explanation of parts of it can also be found in the shatapaTha, taittirIya , and shvetAshwatara brAhmana. Like any other veda shAkhA , kAThaka shAkhA too have purUsha suktaM. This sukta is housed in purUshamedhaM of kAThaka shAkhA.The sukta is in anushtuba and trishtup meters , vishvAtma purUsha ( virAta purUsha , vishvarUpa ) is deity and nArAyana is rishI.( kAThaks first recite meter then deity and then the seer of any mantra , this is standard format of viniyoga for them ).Like any other veda shAkhA it is one of important suktas of kAThaka shAkhA. In srauta context it is used in  purUshamedhaM .In grihya context it is used as  UpasThana sukta in sandhyA , also employed in devtArchana and abhishekaM of any male deity. First published edition of kAThaka purUsha suktaM was in ‘kAThaka samkalan’ of suryakAnta.

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Footnotes

1) ्ं  /gum/ is missing in the text , neither marked nor recited in modern recitations.

2) purUshmedhaM is not found in samhitA portion ( probably in kAThaka brAhman which is lost. )

3) svars were lost at early stag so it is recited in ekashrutI mode.

Source

Handwritten sandhyA manual of swAmI lakshman joo.( His handwriting )

Animesh’s Blog

A list of hundred and one yajurveda shAkhAs

According to different granThas , yajurveda have 101 shAkhAs.

ekashatamadhvaryushAkhAH (mahAbhAShye)

ShaTpa~nchAshatamaShTau cha saptatriMshatamityuta |
yasmin shAkhA yajurvede so.ahamAdhvaryave smRRitaH || (mahAbhArate)

shataM chaikA cha shAkhAH syuryajuShAmekavartmanAm | (ahirbudhniya saMhitA)

ityete vAjinaH proktA dasha pa~ncha cha saMsmRRitAH |
shatamekAdhikaM kRRitsnaM yajuShAM vai vikaplakAH || (vAyu purANe)

shatamekAdhikaM j~neyaM yajuShAM vai vikalpakAH | (brahmANDa purANe)

Following is list of those 101 yaju shAkhAs based on different sources.
These 101 vedashAkhAs are  divided into two major sects ( sampradAya ).

A) Aditya sampradAya

1) Name of yajurveda :-           shuklayajurveda

2) total:- 15 shAkhAs
[ shAkhAbhedAstu teShAM vai dasha pa~ncha cha vAjinAm |
kANvAdyAH sumahAbhAga yAj~navalkyAH prakIrtitAH || (viShNu purANe ) ]

3) AchArya :- lord sun and yAgyavalkya rishI

4) Deity :- surya

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B) bramha sampradAya

1) Name of yajurveda :-
krishnayajurveda
2) Total :- 86 shAkhAs

3) AchArya :- lord bramha and vyAsa deva + vaishampAyana rishI

4) Deity :- rUdra/vAyu

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Again krishna yaju-shAkhAs are classified as

@ Adi yajurveda ( 8 shAkhAs )
@ kalApI yajurveda (4 shAkhAs )
@ kaTha yajurveda ( 25 shAkhAs )
@ maitrAyanIya yajurveda
    ( 7 shAkhAs )
@ harIdrU yajurveda ( 5 shAkhAs )
@ Aukheya yajurveda ( 1 shAkhA )
@ khAndikeya yajurveda
    ( 2 shAkhAs )
@ taittarIya yajurveda
    ( 5 shAkhAs )
@ vAdhula yajurveda
    ( 4 shAkhAs )
@ anya yajurveda
    (25 shAkhAs )

A) Aditya sampradAya ( shuklayajurveda )

1) jAbAla shAkhA
2) baudheya shAkhA
3) kAnva shAkhA
4) mAdhyAndin shAkhA
5) shApeya shAkhA
6) tApAyanIya shAkhA
7) kapola shAkhA
8) paundravatsa shAkhA
9) AvatikA shAkhA
10) paramvAtikA shAkhA
11) parAshara shAkhA
12) vaidheyA shAkhA (another name EkeyA or EkAyana shAkhA )
13) gAlava shAkhA
14) kAtyAyana shAkhA
15) vaijvApa ( baijvApa ) shAkhA

B) bramha sampradAya ( krishnayajurveda shAkhAs )

@ Adi yajurveda

16) vaishampAyana shAkhA ( Adi yajurveda )
17) Alambi shAkhA
18) kaliNgI ( dala ) shAkhA
19) kamala shAkhA
20) Aruniya shAkhA
21) tAnDaya shAkhA
22) IshmAyana shAkhA

@  kalApI yajurveda

23) kalApI shAkhA

24) hArIdrAviya shAkhA

25) chhAglina shAkhA
26) taumburUvina shAkhA
27) Aulupina shAkhA
28) RichhAbha shAkhA

@ kaTha yajurveda

29) charaka kaTha ( kAThaka ) shAkhA
30) Avharaka kaTha shAkhA
31) bhrAjishTha kaTha shAkhA
32) prAchya kaTha shAkhA
33) kapishThala kaTha shAkhA
34) vArAyaNIya kaTha shAkhA
35) chArAyaNIya kaTha shAkhA
36) shveta kaTha shAkhA
37) shvetAshvatara kaTha shAkhA
38) AupamAnyava kaTha shAkhA
39) pATanDineya kaTha shAkhA
40) maitrAyaNIya kaTha shAkhA
41) khAndAyana kaTha shAkhA
42) pinjula kaTha shAkhA
43) Audala kaTha shAkhA
44) sapicchhava kaTha shAkhA
45) mudgala kaTha shAkhA
46) shrungAla kaTha shAkhA
47) saubhAra kaTha shAkhA
48) maurasa kaTha shAkhA
49) chuchuka kaTha shAkhA
50) yoga kaTha shAkhA
51) hApila kaTha shAkhA
52) dausala kaTha shAkhA
53) dhausha kaTha shAkhA
54) jrumbhaka kaTha shAkhA

@ maitrAyanIya yajurveda

55) mAnava maitrAyana shAkhA
56) vArAha maitrAyana shAkhA
57) dundhubha maitrAyana shAkhA
58) Ekeya maitrAyana shAkhA 59) hAridrU maitrAyana shAkhA
60)  shyAmA maitrAyana shAkhA
61) shyAmAyaNIyA maitrAyana shAkhA

@ harIdrU yajurveda

62) AsurinA shAkhA
63) gArgya shAkhA
64) shAkarAkshya shAkhA
65) mArga shAkhA
66) vAsaviyA shAkhA

@ Aukheya yajurveda

67) AukheyI ( vaikhAnasa )  shAkhA

@ khAndikeya yajurveda

68) khAndikeyI shAkhA
69) taittirIya shAkhA

@ taittarIya yajurveda

70) baudhAyan taittarIya shAkhA
71) Apastamba taittarIya shAkhA
72) bhAradvAja taittarIya shAkhA
73) hiranyakeshI (satyAshADha ) taittarIya shAkhA
74) vAdhula taittarIya shAkhA

@ vAdhula yajurveda

75) agniveshya shAkhA
76) kaundinya shAkhA
77) gAlava shAkhA
78) sankha shAkhA

@ anya yajurveda shAkhA

79) lauhitya shAkhA
80) shAvadha shAkhA
81) chulibhi shAkhA
82) sumatI shAkhA
83) devavara shAkhA
84) anukrishna shAkhA
85) Ayu shAkhA
86) anubhUmI shAkhA
87) AprIta shAkhA
88) krushAshva shAkhA
89)sumUli shAkhA
90) lauki shAkhA
91) dhaumya shAkhA
92) kAshyapa shAkhA
93) shuka shAkhA
94) bhurIshravA shAkhA
95) somAvI shAkhA
96) AtunAtakya shAkhA
97) bhAragava shAkhA
98) tAla shAkhA
99) yAskiya shAkhA
100) UnarI shAkhA
101) vida shAkhA

Footnotes

1) Name of shAkhA in bold letter show existence of shAkhA in form of oral /published / manuscript /  fragment form .
2) List is not critical at all , it is based on traditional sources.
3) In some cases I found different names of same yaju-shAkhA so I included most popular name of that shAkhA.
Sources

The list is based on following granThas:-

1) charanvyuha sutra
2) vedashAkhA paryAlochanaM
3) veda shAkhA patta
4) bramhAnda purAna
5) mahArnava
6) vishnu purAna
7) Introduction to several published yaju-samhitAs.

Animesh’s Blog

अथर्ववेदीय एनस मंत्राः (शकल होम मंत्राः)

‘एन’ means sin and since this mantras are remover of एन hence they are called as एनस मंत्राः .( doubtful explanation ?
)Also these are known as शकल होम मंत्राः becaus शकल ( twig or samidhA ) is offered in agni by this mantras.
These are housed in atharvavedIya version of mahAnArayan Upnishada. If any of panchamahA pAtaka or UpapAtaka is committed by an atharvan than he should offer twigs dipped in ghee to his aupAsana agnI or In laukika agnI by these mantras .If he had installed three scared fire then he should offer twigs dipped in ghee to ‘gArhpatya agnI’ after prAtar homa or purnAhutI with अग्नये एननाशकाय स्वाहा॥ and should perform UpasThanaM of agnI again . After performing purva-tantra , atharvan should offer samidhA of either shAnta vrUksha  ( pacifying tree’s twigs ) or ghora vrUksha ( terrifying tree’s twigs ) dipped in ghee with these mantras.

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( अथर्वा वा प्रजापतिस्य आर्षम्। मंत्रोक्त देवता )

ॐ देवकृतस्यैनसोऽवयजनमसि स्वाहा  ।। 
ॐ मनुष्यकृतस्यैनसोऽवयजनमसि स्वाहा ॥
ॐ पितृकृतस्यैनसोऽवयजनमसि स्वाहा  ॥
ॐ आत्मकृतस्यैनसोऽवयजनमसि स्वाहा ॥ ॐ अन्यकृतस्यैनसोऽवयजनमसि स्वाहा ॥ 
ॐयद्दिवाचनक्तं चैनश्चकृमतस्यावयजनमसि स्वाहा  ॥
ॐयद्विद्वांसश्चाविद्वांसश्चैनश्चकृमतस्यावयजनमसि स्वाहा ॥ 
ॐ यच्चाहमेनो विद्वांसश्चाविद्वांसश्चैनश्चकृम तस्यावयजनमसि स्वाहा ॥
ॐ यत्स्वपन्तश्च जाग्रतश्चैनश्चकृम तस्यावयजनमसि स्वाहा ॥
 ॐ यत्सुषुप्तश्चजाग्रतश्चैनश्चकृम तस्यावयजनमसि स्वाहा ॥
ॐ एनस एनसोऽवयजनमसि स्वाहा  ॥

Animesh’s Blog

तिल होम मन्त्रा:

ॐ तिलाः कृष्णास्तिलाः श्वेतास्तिलाः सौम्या वशानुगाः  ।  तिलाः पुनन्तु मे पापं यत्किञ्चिद्दुरितं मयि स्वाहा  ।।

ॐ  यन्मे मनसा वाचा कर्मणा वा दुष्कृतं कृतम्  ।  दुःस्वप्नं दुर्जनस्पर्शं तिलाः शान्तिं कुर्वन्तु स्वाहा  ।।

ॐ चौरस्यान्नं नवश्राद्धं ब्रह्महा गुरुतल्पगः  ।  गोस्तेयं सुरापानं भ्रूणहत्यां तिलाः शमयन्तु स्वाहा  ।।

ॐ गणान्नं गणिकान्नं कुष्टान्नं पतितान्नं भुक्त्वा वृषलीभोजनम्  ।  श्रद्धा प्रजा च मेधा च तिलाः शान्तिं कुर्वन्तु स्वाहा  ।।
 
ॐ  श्रीश्च पुष्टिश्चानृण्यं ब्रह्मण्यं बहुपुत्रिणम्  ।  श्रद्धा प्रजा च मेधा च तिलाः शान्तिं कुर्वन्तु स्वाहा  ॥

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