A sandhyA prayoga from Bengal ( for shukla yajurvedIns and kauThuma sAmavedIns )

Sandhya means “at the junction“, It focuses on the prayer for the Goddess Gayatri. According to ancient tradition, Sandhya is  performed thrice daily :
a)  at the junction of early morning and morning (during sunrise)
b) at the junction of morning and mid-day
c) at the junction of early evening and evening (during sunset) .The practice of Sandhya is an important part of the daily rites of a Brahmin.  Majority of Bengali Brahmins belong to the kauThuma sAmaveda or the vAjasaneya yajurveda .
(  kauThuma sAmavedIns of Bengal have surnames – Chaterjee, Maitra, Ghoshal, Sanyal, Banerjee, Lahiri, Bagchi and vAjasaneya yajurvedIns have surname
Mukherjee )

( There are some akhara ashuddhis in mantras which are not ashuddhis at all but are peculiarities due to Bengali vedic pronunciation and for sake of preserving those peculiarities , of Bengali vedic tradition I have not corrected mantras . Simply what they recite I have written that . Also there are patha bhedas for some mantras )

Have bath / Wash your hands and feet before sitting on the asan (puja seat) to do the sandhya.

ACHAMANA

Take a spoonful of water in the palm of the right hand forming a dip like a boat. The amount of water is said to be sufficient to immerse a mustard seed. Sip the water three times and each time take the name of Vishnu and say this mantra :-  Om Vishnu! Om Vishnu! Om |
Om Tad-Vishnoh paramam padam Sada pashyanti soorayah dibi-iba cakshur-aatatam | after the last sip, wipe your lips – right to left, with your right thumb. Wash the fingers with little water allowing the washed water to get soaked into the padded paper kept on the right for this purpose. Then offer your sensory organs in His prayers. Join the four fingers of the right hand (exclude thumb) and touch the various organs with the fingertips in the following manner. First the right nostril and then the left (smell), right eye and then left eye (sight), right ear and then left ear (hearing). Finally touch the naval button (the starting point of your physical body) and wash the fingers again in the same way as described above. Wipe your right hand with a dry paper towel. Join the fingers again and touch your heart and right shoulder and then left shoulder. After Sipping water in the name of Vishnu:, do the remembering  (taking name of ) VISHNU with the following mantras:- ‘Namaha sarva mangala mangalyam varayenam bharadam | shubham Narayanam namaskritya sorvakarmani kaarayet || Om (Namha) apabitra pabitro ba sarbabashan gatopiba | Jahsmaret pundarikaksha sa bajya antarasuchi || ‘

(The Brahmman or the priest is prohibited from talking with others in course of performing Sandhya or Puja. If he talks, he has to take name of VISHNU again saying “Namo Vishnu”)

Chanting the mantra “Om Namo Narayanaya” Immerse the tip of your right hand index finger (Ankush Mudra) in the water of the kosha and chant.  ‘Om Gangaye cha Yamunaye Choibo Godabori Sarawati | Narmadaye, Sindnu, Kabaeri jalaye osmin sannidhing kuru ||’ Holding a flower mixed with sandal wood paste in your right hand thumb, index and middle finger and touch your seat(ashon) with the flower and say this mantra.  ‘Eteye gandhapushpaye Om hring adharshaktaye kamalasanaya namaha’.  After chanting above mantra, place the flower on the seat and chant the following mantras touching the seat:- 
Ashasamantrasya merupristha rishi suthalong chandho kurmoo devata, ashonoupobayshaney biniyogaha
|| nomo prithwitaya dhrita loka, debitwang Vishuna dritha | thancha dharaya mam nityam pobitram kuru chasanam || ‘ Thereafter chant the following mantras with folded hand :- Turning left- Om Gurubgyo Namah, Om Param Gurubhyo Namah, Om Paraapara Gurubhyo Namah, Om Parameshthi Gurubhyo Namah, Turning right – Om Ganeshaaya Namah, Turning upward- Om Brammane Namah, Turning downward –  Om Anantaaya Namah. At  the Centre (near chest) –  Om Naaraayanaaya Shree Vishnube Namah. (Only to be chanted at the time of “Morning Sandhya”)’ Om natwaa tu pundarikaksha mupattagha prasantaye I Bramma barchchas kamanarthang pratah sandhya mupasmaheII ‘.

MARAJANA

Sprinkle water on the head and chant                                   
Om Sanno apo danyanya samanah santu nupya | Sanna samudria apah, samana santu kupya ||1||

Om Drupadadiba mamuchanam swinaha snato malatiba | Putang pabitrenabajya, mapah sudhantu mainashaha ||2||
  
Om apo hi stha mayobhuba, sta na urjhey dadhatana| Mahe ranaya chakshashey || 3.1 ||
Om jobah shivatamo rasastasya bhajayatehanah | Ushatiraba matarah || 3.2 ||
Om tasma arangamam boh jashya khaya jinwatha| Apojanayatthah chanah || 3.3 || ‘

PRANAYAMA

‘Om kaarasya bramma rishirgayatree chhandoh agnirdevtaa sarbba karmaarambhe viniyogah I 

Om saptabyahritaanaang  prajaapatirisi  gaya-krushni-ganushthub-brihatipangti trishthub jagatya shchhandangsi, agni-bayu-surya-varun-brihaspatindra-bishwadeva devataa praanaayaame viniyogah I

Om gayatra Vishwamitrarisi gaayatreechhandah savitaa devataa praanaayaame viniyogah I
Gayatree shirasah prajapatirisi bramma vaayuragnisuryaashchatasro devatah praanaayaame viniyogah II

Breathe control Step-1 (Inhale through left nostril) 

Hold your yajnoupabit (Sacred thread)  in between your  right forefinger and thumb and then close your right nostril and inhaling  through left nostril, meditate on  Lord of Creation, Brahmma on region of yournaval and chant the following mantras :- Nabhau – Raktabarnang chaturmukham dwibhujang akhshasutra kamandalukarang Brahmanam dhyayan. Om bhur, om bhubha, om swah, om maha, om janah, om tapah, om satyang. Om tat Sabiturbarenyam bhargo debashya dhimahi dhiyo yonah prachodayat. Om apojyoti rashomritam Brahman bhurbubhaswarom..

Breathe control Step – 2          (Hold breath)
Continue to press the right nostril with the right thumb and then close the left nostril with the ring finger of the right hand. Imagine the presence of Vishnu on your heart, chant the following mantras:-   Hridi – Nilotpala dala-prabhang chaturbhujam sankhachakra-gada-padma-hastam Garuraruha Keshabang dhayen |  Om bhu Om bhubah Om swah Om maha Om janah Om tapah Om satyam || Om tat Sabitur varenyam bhargo devashya dhimahi | Dhiyo yonah prachodayat ||  Om apojyoti rashomritam Brahma bhur bhubasarom ||

Breathe control Step -3 (Exhale through the right nostril)

Release the thumb on the right nostril and allow the breath to exhale through the right nostril. Meditate with following mantras thinking SHIVA on your forehead. :-

Lalatey – Swetang dwibhuang trishula-damaru-karang ardhacandra bibhusitam trinetrang brishabharurah Shambhung dhayen Om bhu Om bhubah Om swah Om maha Om janah Om tapah Om satyang || Om tat Sabitur varenyam bhargo devashya dhimahi | Dhiyo yonah prachodayat || Om apojyoti rashomritang Brahma bhur bhubasarom

( Now Sipping water in the name of the Surya ) 

Suryashcha meti mantrasya bramma rishih prakritishchhandaa aapa devataa aachamane viniyogah I

Om suryashcha maa manushcha manukritebhyah papebhyo rakshataam I yadatriyaa (Yadatrya) paapam karyam manasa bacha hastabhyang padbhyamudarena shinnaa ahastadabaluspatu yatkinchitdduritang idamaha maapo amritayonau surye jyotishi paramaatmani juhomi swaha II

Aapah punantiti mantrasya Vishnurisianushthupchhandah aapo devataa  aachamane Viniyogah I

Om aapah punantu prithibing, prithwi putaa punaatu maam I Punantu Brammaspatirbramma putaa punaatu maam I Yadushchhishthombhojyanchah  yad baa dushcharitang mama I Sarbbang punantu maamaapoasatanch pratigrahang swaahaa II

Agnishcha meti mantrasya rudra Risi Prakritichhandah aapo devataa aachane Viniyogah I

Om Agnishcha Maa Manushcha Mannyupatayashcha I  Mannyukritebhyah Paapebhyorakshataam I  Yadahnaa paapamkaaryam manasaa baachaa Hostaabhyaang Padbhyaamudarena Shishnaa Raatristadabalaspatu, yadkinchitdduritang MayeeI Idamahang Maa Mritayoni Satye JyotisHee paramaatmani Swaahaa II

Sip water on your head and chant following mantras:- 

Om Bhurbhubhaswah Tadsaviturvareniyam, bhargodevasya Dhimahee Dhiyo Yo Nah Prachodayat, Om I
Again sip water water on your head (Three times) and with Risyaadi chant the following mantras:- Om Aapo hi Shtheti Riktrayasya Sindhudweepa RisirGayatreeshchandah Aapo Devataa Maarjone Viniyogah II

Om Aapo Hi Shtha  Mayobhubastaan Urje Dadhatana I Mahe Ranaaya Chakshase II Om Yo Vo Shivatamo Rasastasya Bhaajayateha Nah I Ushateeriba Maatarah II Om Tasmaa arangamaam Vo Yasya Kshayaaya jinwatha I Aapo janayathaa cha Nah
II     

AGHAMARSHAN 

Take some water in your right hand palm, forming it like a cow ear (or boat), bring it near your nostril and then meditate with following mantras and think that a black colour sinner man from inside your body is mixing in the water on your palm and as a result that water became black. After meditation with mantras, drop the water on your left side of the floor :- 
Om Rityamityasya AghamarSHana RisirnusHThubshchhando Bhaavobritti Devataa Ashwaamedhaababrithe Viniyogah I

Om Ritancha Satyanchaabheedhyaata-tapasoadhyajaayata tato Raatrajaayata, Tatah SamudrVid-dhad Vishwasya MiSHto Vashee II Om Suryaa Chandra Masau dhaataa, yathaa purbbam kalpayatI divancha Prithiveenchaantareekshamatho Swah II

Then after washing your hand, Sip water to God Sun chanting “Gayatree” mantra three times in Morning and Evening Sandhyaa and once in the Afternoon Sandhya.

Om Bhurbhuvah swah Tadsaviturvareniyam Bhargodevasya Dheemahi, DheeYo Yonah Prachodayat,

SURYOPASTHANA

It means prayer to God Sun because in our solar system, there are great radiation from our God Sun and that radiation works for the welfare of all creations in this solar system. To achieve the powers  for the benefits of ourselves, we pray to God Sun.  Suryosthaapan is to be done in the following manner:- In the Morning and Evening,  – With folded hands.   In the Afternoon,  – Raising  folded hands upwards. To achieve best  results, one should do ‘Suryosthaapan’ by standing on one leg without touching heel on the ground and chant following mantras:-  Udutya mityasya praskanna RisirGayatreeshchandah suryo devataa Suryosthaapane Viniyogah I

Om Udutyang Jaatavedasang  devang bahanti Ketabah Drishe Vishwaya Suryam  I

Chitramityasya KautsaRishistriSHThupchhandah Surya Devataa Surya Sthaapane Viniyogah I

Om Chitrang Devaanaamudgaadanikang Chakshurmitrasya  VaruNasyaagne  Aapraadyaabyaa Prithivi  Antarikshang  Surya Aatmaa Jagatastasthuyashcha II

NYASA

First touch your chest with your forefinger,middle finger and ring finger and chant “ Om  Hridayaaya namah, then chanting “ Bhu ShiraSHe Swaahaa”, touch your head with right middle and forefingers, Touch “SIKHAA” (on top of backside of head) and chant “ Bhu Shikhaayai baSHaT” with your right thumb, Touch your both arm with all fingers of your right and left hand and chant “ Vaa Kabachaaya Hung”, chanting “Swah Astraaya Phat” give clap to your left palm with your  right middle and fore finger. Call Gayatri with folded hands placed on your heart.

Om Aayaahi Varade Devi trakshare Brammabaadini I Gaayatree chhandasaang Maatarbrammayoni namohstute II

Om Gayatra VishwamitraRisirgayatreechhandah savitaa devataa japonayane Viniyogah I   :   

GYATRI DHYAN

(MORNING

Om Kumaari Mrigvedayutaan bramma rupaang Vichintayet I Hangsha Sthitaang Kusha Hosthaang Surya Mondala Sangsthitaam II 

GAYATRI DHYAN AT NOON   
 
Om Madhyaahne Vishnurupaancha Taarkshyataang peetabaasaseem I Yubatincha yajurvedaang suryamondala sangsthitaam II   

GAYATRI DHYAN AT EVENING

Om Saayaahne Shivarupaancha Briddhang BriSHabaahineem I Suryamondalamadhysthaang saamvedasamaayutaam II    

GAYATRI JAPA

Om Bhurbhuvah swah Tadsaviturvareniyam Bhargodevasya Dheemahi, DheeYo Yonah Prachodayat, Om II

GAAYATRI VISARJAN   

   Take a little water on your right palm, chant the following mantra and throw on the puja plate:  ‘ Om Mahesha-vadanotpanna Vishnuhridaya-sambhaba | Brahmana samnugyata gachcha devi jateychaya ||

Om anena jopena bhagabantaa baaditya sukrau praayetaam I

Om Aditya Shukraabhyaang namah II 

SELF PROTECTION

Hold your sacred thread in between right Thumb and forefinger and touch the backside of your right ear with your right thumb and pray to seek the blessings of God Agni to protect you from all dangers.  Jatabedasha itashya Kashyapa rishi trishtupo chhanda Agnirdevata,atmaraksham japey biniyoga.Om jaatavedasey sunbama somam-aaratiyato ni dahati Vedah. Sa nah parshadati Durgani bishvaa naabeba sindhum duritatyagnih ||

Rudropasthan 

Om Ritamityasya KaalaagniRudraRisiraNushThupchhando rudro devataa rudropasthaane Viniogh I

Om Ritang Satyang parang Bramma Purushang Krishna Pingalam I Urdhalingang Birupaakshang Bishwarupaaya Bai Namah II

Om Brammane Namah, Om VishNabe Namah, Om Rudraaya Namah, Om Varunaaya Namah I 

SURYAAGHYA

Om Namo Vivaswate Bramman Bhaaswate VishNu Tejase Jagat Savitre Suchaye Savitre Karmadaayine Idam Arghang om Shree Suryaya Namah I

Om Ehi Surya sahasraangso Tejaraashe jagatpate Anukampaya maang Bhaktang Grihaanaargham Diwaakaram I 

SURYA PRANAAM

Om jabaakusuma sangkaashang  Kaashyapeyang Mahaadhyuting I Dhaantwaaring Sarbba Paapaghnang pranatoasmi dibaakaram II

SAMARPAN AND KSHAMAPRARTHANA

Jadaksharam paribhrashtam matraheenanc jadvabet. Purnam bhatu tat sarbam tatprasadat sureshwari. 

Animesh’s Blog

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5 thoughts on “A sandhyA prayoga from Bengal ( for shukla yajurvedIns and kauThuma sAmavedIns )

    • Namaste ,
      In two previous posts I have posted both shukla yajurveda sandhya and sAmaveda kauthuma sandhya prayoga ( In devnAgarI ) .Also have a sAmaveda kauthuma sandhya prayog ( BengAli ) in my possession kindly mention your mail address I will send that .

      Like

  1. pranam animesh nagar ji.
    i was looking out for this document for last 6 months.
    i am doing trisandhya from 1982, but i could read from old bengali textbooks. my son will soon undergo yogyapavit ceremony and he cant read bengali script. this has come as a lifesaver for me. Dhanyavad.
    A small request, if you have this document in devnagari script , that would be great. thanks and have a good day.
    Jai bharatvarsha

    Like

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