A list of some lost brAhmans.

From the infinite time our vedic tradition considered the brAhmans granThas as veda . All maharshis of our glorious tradition declared ” mantrabrAhmanyOvedAnAmadheya ” and ” mantrabrAhmanaM veda ityAchakshatE “. Even in modern time excluding indologists and  follower of dayAnanda saraswatI , for all adherents of vedic tradition brAhmans too are veda. Here I’m writing a short list ( vedA wise ) of some lost brAhmans, . This list is traditional at all  and uncritical from indologist point of view. This list of lost brAhmans is based on the quotations quoted from this brahmans in commentaries ( bhAshya )  on several vedic texts. Also I have included brAhmans granThas which were mentioned in vedic texts , shrauta sutras , grihya sutras and bhAshyas . Although our glorious tradition had 1000s of brAhmans but most of them are lost , this list covers names of those brAhmans which are mentioned or quoted. Defiantly many fragments of this brAhmans  are still available  and some are published like kAthaka samkalana ( A collection of fragments of kAThaka brAhmans ).

(A) rigvediya brAhmans

(1) paiNgI brAhman
(2) maudgalya brAhman
(3) brahavRicha brAhman

(B) yajurvedIya brAhman

(B.1) shukla yajurvedIya brAhmans

(1) vAjasaneya brAhman
(2) jAbAla brAhman
(3) gAlawa brAhman
(4) vaijvApA brAhman

(B.2) krishnayajurveda brAhmans

(1) charaka brAhman
(2) kAThaka brAhman
(3) maitrAyanI brAhman
(4) shvetAshwatara brAhman
(5) kAndikeyI brAhman
(6) AukheyI brAhman
(7) kaNkatI brAhman
(8) kApya brAhman
(9) kapishThala kaTha brAhman
(10) AhavAraka brAhman
(11) hArIdrAvika maitrAyanI brAhman
(12) vAdhula brAhman

(C) sAmavedIya brAhmans

(1) bhAllaveya brAhman
(2) shAtyAyana brAhman
(3) kAlAvI brAhman
(4) tumburU brAhman
(5) Aruneya brAhman
(6) sailAlavI brAhman
(7) shAradUla brAhman
(8) pArAshara brAhman
(9) mAshasharAvI brAhman
(10)  saulabhA brAhman
(11) Nenjamesha brAhman

(D) aTharvanvedIya brAhman

(1) paippalAda brAhman
(2) gopaTha brAhman ( of 100 chapters )

द्विविधं ब्राह्मणं । कर्मब्राह्मणं कल्पब्राह्मणम् चेति । भाषास्वरो ब्राह्मणो प्रवृत्त :॥

Sources and references :-

(1) ShankhAyana shrauta sutra ( mUlaM )
(2) AshvAlayana shrauta sutra ( sa bhAshya )
(3) baudhAyana shrauta sutra ( with two bhAshyas )
(4) satyAshADha shrauta sutra ( with bhAshya of mahAdeva )
(5) vAdhula shrauta sutra
( mUlaM )
(6) drahyAyana shrauta sutra
( mUlaM )
(7)  kAtyAyana shrauta sutra
( with two bhAshyas )
(8) tandaya mahAbrAhman
(9) brahma sutra
( shANkara bhAshya )
(10) baudhyana grihya sutra
(11) gautama dharama sutra

Animesh’s Blog


Traces of lost paippalAda brAhman

Today we have only samhitA portion of paippalAda shAkhA. There are few traces of lost brAhman portion . It was also known as paippalAda gopatha brAhman / paippalAda brAhman .
Even srI sankarAcharya quotes a mantra from lost brAhman / lost aranyaka portion of paippalAda shAkhA in his bramhasutra bhAshya .
[ bramha sutra 3.3.25 ]

( The last phrase of mantra is traced at PS 1.76.4cd  but that’s not upanishada Arambha .)
At another instance he made  citation from paippalAda samhitA.( 8.9.11 )


From this two example it is clear that till the time of Acharya  , paippalAda shAkhA was studied with brAhman and Aranyaka bhAga and  srI shankarAcharya  was familiar with it. Next to him venkata mAdhava ( commentator of rig veda ) in his rigvedAnukramAnI , referred to paippalAda brAhman.

( rigvedAnukrmAni 5.10-12)

” SrI dhara” who is author ( prayoga+ paddhati kAra of paippalAda shAkhA ) of  “karmapanjikA ” quoted many untraceable verses from  gopatha brAhman .” My opinion is that  they are from lost paippalAda brAhman .”
( Some verses quoted  on behalf of Gopatha , are traced in atharvaveda parishishTha. )


For example a “madakarma brAhmanquoted in vedavrata section of karmapanjikA  is untraceable , I think it belongs to lost paippalAda brAhman.

mada karma brAhman from karmapanjikA

A treatise “prapapanch hridaya ” of unknown authorship also informs us of paippalAda brAhman.


paippalAda shAkhA ( samhitA ) have 20 kAndas , which have riks and yajus , where yajus  are in majority. Total number of mantras are 12,300.The paippalAda brAhman have 8 adhyAyas , containing explanation of divya ( adhbhutAni ) , sAmpradAyika ( of yagniks i.e. of vedic sacrifices ) ,prAyachhita ( atonement ) , abhichAra ( mantric attack ).”

BramhAnda purana also informs us of paippalAda BrAhman.

The caranvyUha upanishad of paippalAda shAkhA also describes the paippalAda brAhman.

On the basis of all this pramAns ( proofs ) following are my hypothetical conclusion on lost paippalAda brAhman .
paippalAda brAhman contains 100 prapAthaks within the 8 adhyAyas ( chapters ) and is divided in 2 bramhans i.e. purva brAhman and Uttara brAhman .The total number of kandikAs are 5000 , in which 1000 are mantras ( riks ) and remaining 4000 are brAhmanical prose .It covers following four subjects .
1) divya ( adhbhutAni )

2) sAmpradAyika ( explanation of vedic sacrifices , upanishads like prashna etc belongs to this section .)

3) prAyachhita ( atonement during any unfavorable condition )

4) abhichAra ( mantric attack ). ”

Animesh’s blog