jaiminIya sAmaveda rUdraM

The Primacy of sAmavedaM is in UpAsana through the singing of hymns . The science of music is said to have evolved from this vedaM , gandharva vedaM is a subsidiary of sAmavedaM ,
as with other vedaMs, sAmavedaM originally had numerous branches, but only three exist now ( jaiminIya shAkhA, rAyayaNIya shAkhA , kauThuma shAkhA ). The jaiminIya shAkhA been traditionally chiefly practiced in the states of tamiZh deshaM and kerala deshaM .
sAmaMs are made by modifying riks using the same words, changed, repeated, deleted, or letters and words added, all according to strict rules, with no provision for improvisations. The musical chanting has come down through the ages from Acharya ( gurU ) to shishya  by word of mouth. The jaiminIya shAkhA  is the most musical of the three existing branches. While other vedaMs use three notes (swaraMs) sAmaM is sung using seven notes (prathhama, etc.). jaiminIya shAkhA uses syllables consisting of regular vowels and consonants  for its svara marking , svara marking is limited to the gAna part of the jaiminIya shAkhA . The svara marking of the jaiminIya shAkhA  is a different matter entirely and has  not  been studied and analysed yet . Following is rUdraM of jaiminIya shAkhA consisting of 11 sAmaMs.

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Footnotes

1) Words such as hAbu, hAvUvA, OyiZha and hAyI, are stobhas for jaiminIya shAkhA . ( kauThuma shAkhA have hAvU , hAvUva , OhaiyA and hAyI as stobhas )

2) The method of musical chanting among kerala brahmanas is quite different from the tamizh brAhamans of the same branch. Only nAmboothirIs use “Zha” in their sAmavedAlApanaM.

3) A peculiar type of svara marking is also there for jaiminIya shAkhA having 4 svara marks
a) Ring Above
b) Double Ring Above
c) Vertical Line Above
d) Horizontal Line Above

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Other type of svara marking of jaiminIya shAkhA

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sAmaveda rUdraM

rUdraM is very celebrated hymn of all vedas.Each veda and its shAkhA have its own rUdraM .Following is text of sAmaveda rUdraM according to kauThuma shAkhA with a initial outline. Before reciting it sAmavedIya mAhAnyAsaM , sAmavedIya shadanga nyAsaM and dashAkshara nyAsaM are performed , than meditation on rUdra is done.Then the reciter perform vinIyogaMs of all sAma mantras used.

sAmaveda rUdraM according to kauThuma shAkhA consists of following seven parts .

1) paviThra varaga

It consists of 11 samayonIs and there respective sAmagAnas.( SAmaveda samhitA mantras no ) 627, 27,600, 147, 318, 27, 463, 469 , 440, 441 and 495.
This group of sAmas blesses the reciter with purity hence are called paviThras.

2) arishTa varga

It consists of 8 samayonIs, and there respective sAmagAnas.( SAmaveda samhitA mantras no ) 192, 196,318,332,333,572, 582 and 437.

3) vinAyaka samhitA

From the name it is clear that these group of sAmas are dedicated to lord vinAyaka.
It consists of 4 samayonIs, and there respective sAmagAnas.( SAmaveda samhitA mantras no ) 315,316,167 and 417

4) skanda samhitA

These mantras are dedicated to kumar dhUrta . It consists of 4 samayonIs, and there respective sAmagAnas.( SAmaveda samhitA mantras no ) 246,269,533 and 565.

5) vishnU samhitA

Thse sAmas are dedicated to lord mahAvishnU.It consits of vaishnava SAmas and purUsha suktaM of sAmaveda. It consists of 8 samayonIs, and there respective sAmagAnas.( SAmaveda samhitA mantras no ) 222,609,524,617,618,619,620 and 621.

6) rUdra samhitA

These mantras are dedicated to lord rUdra. It consists of 6 samayonIs and there respective sAmagAnas.( SAmaveda samhitA mantras no )69,115,67 and three mantras from stobha pada pAtha.

7) shAntI sAmas

It consists of pacifying sAma mantras including the famous vAmadevya sAma. It consists of 4 samayonIs and there respective sAmagAnas.( SAmaveda samhitA mantras no ) 616,682,683 and 684 .

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